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1851 The Great Exhibition Building, South Side

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Events of this year in the Illustrated London News

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2050 03

The Royal Agricultural Society's Meeting at Windsor Pavilion Dinner in the Home Park –

Widow Goode, Died at Stoneleigh July 7, 1851 aged 102 years

The City of Manchester Screw Steamer

The Recent Fire at San Francisco – Ruins of Starkey Brothers and Companies Premises

Ruins of the Recent Fire at San Francisco from Pacific Street Head of Montgomery Street – near half page

Dinner Given by Mr Peto at North Woolwich

The Earl of Arundel and Surrey, from a Photograph by Kilburn

Grand Entertainment to the American Minister at Willis's Rooms, St James's

2 pages devoted to the Royal agricultural society's meeting at Windsor, with 2 near half page illustrations and a full-page illustration, entitled respectively: – The Agricultural Show Sketched from the North Terrace of Windsor Castle – Arrival of the Cattle – The Royal Agricultural Society's Meeting at Windsor – General View from the Home Park

small illustration showing that all the tickets are sold (presumably for the agricultural show)

Chess Problem by W Gilby Esq

Gathering of Juvenile Abstainers at Edinburgh, the Procession Passing the Scott Monument – near half page

The Procession Entering the Palace of Holyrood – near half page

The American Ladies New Costume

Mlle Rachel as Valeria

State Visit to the Royal Italian Opera Her Majesty's Retiring Room – near half page

The Royal Visit to the City Return of Her Majesty from the Guildhall – full page (showing some shopfronts bearing the names Cathfort or Cathford, Seabrook, Bundy, WB Silk, Cathedral Hotel and Tavern, Jarrold and son

The New System of Taxation

Death of a Centenarian in Warwickshire

The New Austrian Law of the Press

Obituary of Eminent Persons Recently Deceased, including: – the Rev Sir Henry Rivers of Rhode Hill near Lyme Regis – Sir Edward Hardinge John Stracey of Rackheath Hall, Norfolk – Sir John Augustus Francis Simpkinson of 21 Bedford place – Sir George Smith Gibbes MD of Sidmouth Devonshire – Dr M Moir of Musselburgh – Edward Quillinan Esq of near Ambleside and Rydal

The Derby Family and the Town of Preston (a paragraph)

subjects in the House of Lords and House of Commons include: – the Crystal Palace, the Bishop of Gloucester, water supply of the metropolis, Dublin hospitals, our relations with China, the slave trade, Harwich election, The Cape of Good Hope, corn Miller's protection, law of evidence, Jewish Disabilities, more on the Harwich election

The Recent Conflagration at San Francisco

The City of Manchester Screw Steamer

The Earl of Arundel and Surrey Late MP for Arundel

Grand Entertainment to the American Minister (given by Mr George Peabody to the American Minister and Mrs Lawrence)

The Royal Agricultural Society's Meeting at Windsor

Metropolitan News, with a paragraph on each of the following: – Charing Cross Hospital, Royal Sea Bathing Infirmary, Asylum for Indigent Deaf and Dumb Children, The Friends of the Clergy, Opening of the New National Schools in Lambeth by the Bishop of London, Christ church schools, Patent Law Amendment, Jurisdiction of Masters in Chancery, Victoria Park, Ball at the Guildhall, Islington Bazaar, TinCroft Mining Company, London Joint Stock Bank, Seamens Hospital Society, A Large Quantity of Tea from the Channel Islands, Reform on the Cab Rank, Extensive Fires (Bush Lane cannon Street, number 12 cross Street Blackfriars Road), Attempt to Fire a Warehouse near London Bridge (mentioning messrs Barber at Chamberlain's wharf, Tooley Street, Mr Braidwood the superintendent of the Fire Brigade)

Great Gathering of Juvenile Abstainers at Edinburgh

The Queen's State Visit to the Royal Italian Opera

Mlle Rachel in Valeria

The American Ladies New Costume

The Great Exhibition

Mr Paxton and Lord Campbell on the Crystal Palace

Country News, a small paragraph on each of the following: – Prince Albert's visit to the philanthropic farm school at Redhill Reigate – representation of Knaresborough – representation of Arundel – improvement in steamers – fatal steam engine accident (mentioning Sir John Davenport, Rockingham Street Sheffield, Richard Robertshawe) – fatal boat accident on Windermere (the drowning of 4 joiners from a water head, named Walker Thompson Tyson and Garnett) – accident by fire in a railway carriage – a remarkable purchase (last week Mr Rapsey of Truro purchased an antiquated sideboard at auction in which he found 65 British and foreign silver coins and various medals) – fatal accident (the North side colliery badminton near Bristol, William Boult) – highway robberies, mentioning Carlisle, Persons robbed were 2 farmers named Bawman and Gibson and Mr Myers a commercial traveller, the perpetrators named as Thomas Tenyon and Hugh Monteish

The Royal Visit to the City

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7250 18

Southampton - Reception of M. Kossuth of Hungary on Board the " Madrid " Steamer ' front page engraving showing the crowds welcoming him - info. Lajos Kossuth

The Corso Halle, Berlin - Skating Waitresses - near half page

' Paris Fashions for November - Bonnet of Paduasoy - - Mantelet of Velvet with Hood - - Dresss of Gros d'Espagne - - Net Cap and Valencias dress - - Little In-door Mantelet of Velvet - - Blond Cap with Ribbons - - Dress Trimmed with Malines Lace - - Little Turkish Pardessus '- near half page

' Shrivenham in Bucks - New Baptist Chapel ' small engraving

' Newcastle on Tyne - New College of Medicine and Practical Science ' small engraving

' House of William The Conqueror at Falaise ' - the title of the house is " Maison de Guillaume Le Conquerant - Richard Aubergiste "

' Statue of William the Conqueror at Falaise '- near half page

' Southampton Docks - The Arrival of Kossuth ' a dockside scene with a full view of the steamer "Madrid"- near half page

' M. Kossuth Leaving the Docks at Southampton ' waving from a carriage - near half page

' Southampton - M. Kossuth Addressing the People from the Mayors House ' - near half page  .

' Southampton - M. Kossuth Receiving the Corporation Address in the Town Hall '- near half page

' The Procession Passing the Church an Hospital of St Cross, Winchester '

' Winchester - The Procession of M. Kossuth Passing the Church and Hosptal of St Cross '

' M. Kossuth - An Incident in the High Street at Winchester ' crowds surrounding the carriage

' At Winchester - the Exterior of the Cottage of the Mayor of Southampton '

' The Mayor of Southampton - Richard Andrews Esq '

' The Speech of M. Kossuth at the Mayors Cottage '

' The Townhall at Southampton - Banquet to M. Kossuth- near half page

The Supplement to the Illustrated London News - Items for the Great Exhibition

' Bookcase by Barbedienne '

' Window Curtain by Heyman and Alexander of Nottingham ' - engrsaving showing wrought cotton lace curtain sample

' Poplin by Pim of Dublin ' engraving showing a material sample

' Ribbon - by Cornell, Lyell and Webster '

' Point Lace - by Jane Clarke of Regent Street '

' Cambric - Handkerchief - by Holden of Belfast '

' Damask - by W. Brown of Halifax '

Steam Engines and Farm Machinery:

' Clayton and Shuttleworths Portable Steam Engine '

' Howard's Horse Rake '

' Busby's Prize Plough '

' Garret's Stone Mill '

' An American Plough '

' Crosskill's Clod Crusher '

' Crosskill's Fixed Steam Engine '

' Gillett's Guillotine Chaff Cutter '

' Fireplace from The Coalbrook Dale Company '

' Table Top fro Messrs herring and Son '

' Glass Mosaic Table Top by Stevens '

' Inlaid Table, with Glass Mosaic by Stevens ' see above

' Quilting for Waistcoat by Spencer and Son of Manchester '

' Damask Pattern by Oadley and Co. of Halifax '

' Ribbon Pattern by Berry of Coventry '

' Table by Holland and Reive Sons of Warwick '

' Expanding Table by Johnson and Jeanes '

' Bog Yew Table and Chair by Jones of Dublin '

' Sideboard by Messrs Banting ' - - ' Leg of Sideboard '

' Design for a Gothic Panel by G. Thomas '

' Model of Bryan Boroimbe's Harp by Ball of Dublin ' - info. model of a celtic harp said to be that of Brien Boru King of Ireland

' Clock by Leroy and Sons Miel of Paris ' very ornate

' Centre Piece for Table by Messrs Widdowson and Veale '

' Alhambra Stove Purchased by Her Majesty Queen Victoria by Messrs Stuart and Smith of Sheffield '  .

' Console Table by Clarke '

Kossuth in England

' Bloomer Ball at the Hanover Square Rooms ' info. an attempt to promote the wearing of bloomers, a new american fashion..."but the attempt was a decided failure, the proportion of "ladies" to gentlemen who thronged the room being very small, and those not exactley of the class of persons who should be taken as models either in their dress or conduit...."

Lord Palmerston on the Domestic Policy of Naples with Letter from Prince Castelcicala to Palmerston and a letter in reply

Improvements in Lighthouses

Foreign and Colonial News includes:

Parisiana - with mention of Louis Napoleon - - Mlle Corbari of the Opera - - M. Scribe - - Delphine Gay wife of Emile de Girardin - - Miss Wertheimer of Paris

France- with mention of M. de Maupas The New Prefect of Police - - The President of the Republic ( Louis Napoléon ) - - List of Diplomats and changes

United States and Canada

Marriages Births and Deaths Quarterly Return - also includes Sanitary State of the Population

Obituary of Eminent Persons Recently Deceased include:

Maria Theresa Charlotte de Bourbon the Duchess of Angouleme - daughter of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI - died at Chateau of Frohsdorff

Katharine Elizabeth the Countess Dowager of Mornington died at her Residenc in Grosvenor Square

Captain Bourne RN Director of ther Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company ( P&O ) died at his House in Blackheath Park - info. Richard Bourne

Mister Samuel Beaseley the Celebrated Theatrical Architect died at Tonbridge Castle in Kent

Death of William Wyon Esq RA - short announcement

The St Alban's Bribery Commission

Illustrated London New Editorial with mention of French Politics and Louis Napoleon - - William The Conqueror and Falaise

The Court and Haut Ton - Royal Comings and Goings

Church Universities etc

Bequests to Charitable Institutions include George Hill formerly of Kenton Northumberland - - - Mr John Hoare of Bredgwter - - Mrs Pruce of Newland - - Mr William Foster of Coventry - - Rev. Theodore Coleridge of Exeter - - Edward Briggs of Woodend Green

Wills include - Slingsby Duncombe Esq - - - John deacon Esq Banker of London and of Mabledon Park

Metropolitan News includes:

' Christ hospital Society of Blues

Royal Dispensary for Diseases of the Ear

Asylum for Idiots - Meeting at the London Taver with Sir George Carroll in the Chair

Ladies Charity School at John Street, Bedford row wit Mr J. Masterman MP in the Chair

Tower Hamlets British Day Schools

Missionary Institution

Metropolitan Benefit Society Asylum - Meeting at Gerards Hall, Basing Lane  .

Metropolitan Sewers Commission

Omnibus Servants Meeting at the School Room, Liverpool Rd in Islington

Counterfeit Coin

Butchers Charitable Institution

Births and Deaths with numbers of deaths from various diseases inc. smallpox measles - diarrhoea cholera hooping cough croup thrush purpura erysipelas rheumatic fever influenza dysentery etc

Country News - Judge of the Liverpool County Court - Approaching Investigation

Richard Andrews Esq the Mayor of Southampton

Music and The Theatres

National Sports

Monetary Transactions for the Week fron Our City Correspondent

The Market - prices of Wheat - Linseed - Bread - Sugar - Tallow - Oils - Potatoes - Cinnamon - Coals from Hartley, Gosforth, etc

The London Gazette - Bankrupts - - Births Marriages and Deaths

The Great Exhibition

M. Kossuth at Winchester - info. aka Louis Kossuth

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9640 32

The Marquis of Kildare MP for Kildare County; Mover of the House of Commons' Address to The Throne '

' Mr of the MP for Norwich; Seconder of the House of Commons Address to the Throne ' Front page

Sketches in New Zealand - ' Crofton park Omata District '

Sketches in New Zealand - ' View in Corfton Park ' - - - View on Waitera River, North Bank '

Sketches in New Zealand - ' Mokau River, Forty Miles North of New Plymouth '

Sketches in New Zealand - ' North Bank of Waitera River near New Plymouth '

Sketches in New Zealand - ' Tamati - - - Tamati's Wife - - - Tahana Honi '

Sketches in New Zealand - ' View From The Town of New Plymouth '

The Opening of Parliament - ' Her Majesty Descending The Grand Staircase at Buckingham Palace '

The Opening of Parliament - ' Sketch From The Line of the Royal Procession '

The Opening of Parliament - ' Her Majesty Leaving Buckingham Palace '

The Opening of Parliament - ' Sketch From The Line of the Royal Procession '

' Right Hon. The Earl of Shaftesbury Late Chairman of the Committees of the House of Lords'

' Mr Walter MP For Nottingham '

' William of Nassau and The Money Lenders Painted By Claudius Jacquand From the Gallery of the Late King of Holland '

' Queen's College, Belfast '

' The Wesleyan Normal College,Westminster '

Nimroud Sculptures in The Louvre Gallery Paris - 'Human Headed Bull and Assyrian Hercules - - - Figure of Divinity or King in Wood - - - Bronze Lion on Stone - - - Figure of Divinity in Wood - - - Agate Cylinder - - - Metal Implement - - - Bronz Bracelet - - - Spear or Arrow Head - - - Agate Cylinder '

Opening of Parliament

The Queen's Speech

Addresses from Mr Roebuck (quite a lengthy one) - R H Inglis - John O'Connell - Mr A Hope - Mr Chisholm Anstey - Mr Plumptre - Earl of Arundel and Surrey - Mr Fagan - Mr Hume (again a lengthy one) - Mr Bankes - Lord J Russell (another long one) - Mr Diusraeli, yet another long one

On The Borough of Dungarvan, Mr Hayter, Mr Roebuck,

Abolition of the Vice Royalty

Queens College Belfast

The Wesleyan Normal College

John Walter

Society for the reform of Colonial Government

Window Tax

William Nassau and The Money Lenders

The Nimroud Sculptures in The Louvre at Paris

Obituary of Eminent Persons Recently Deceased include Sarah,Countess of Warwick - - - Sir Francis Lawley, Bart

Resignation of Lord Shaftesbury as Chairman of Committees

Sketches in New Zealand

Papal Aggression

Whispers to the Chancellor of the Excheuqer

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04 4050


MP for Greenwich – Mr Alderman Salomons ' front page – info. David Salomons

' Ysabel La Catolica – The New Spanish Steam Ship ' front page – Built by Messrs Wigram and Sons of Blackwall

' Prize Cattle at the Royal Agricultural Society's Show at Windsor – Short Horns - - - Channel Islands - - - Devon - - - Hereford ' full page print from engraving from drawings by Harrison Weir

' Prize Cattle – Scotch Polled - - - Pure Italian Bull ' print from engraving by Harrison Weir

' Croydon - The new Cattle Market ' view of the enclosure of the market, a house next to it, and a train passing through the countryside in the distance

' A Scene In Calabria – by Charles Vacher '

' The Chronicles Read to Ahasuerus the King - From a Painting by H. O'Neil at Reive the Exhibition of the Royal Academy '

Full page – this page has age markings/staining

' Jewels in the Great Exhibition – An Exhibit of Jewels by Messrs hunt and Roskell ' full page print from engraving – this page is age yellowed/stained

Chess Problem by Von Grim from Aleppo Miel

' Rugby – The Grand Masonic Banquet to General Sir Charles Napier – Drinking His Health '

' Senora Camera – Spanish Dancer at The St James's Theatre ' - info. prob. Dona Petra Câmara

' Candelabrum by Dobson of Picadilly – Plate Presented to Mr W. O'Bryne Author of the Naval Biographical Dictionary small engr. of the candelabra

' The Harbour of Alexandria – the Egyptian Fleet '

' The Late Louis Jacques Maude Daguerre '

' The Blenheim Free Dispensary Fete at Beulah Spa, Norwood '

' The Late Rev. John Lingard '

' Residence of the Late Dr Lingard at Hornby Lancashire ' small

The Eclipse:

' Map of Europe Showing the Course of the Shadow in the Total Eclipse of The Sun of 28 July '

' Successive Appearances of the Sun During the Eclipse ' two small sequential engravings of the eclipse at various times

'Appearances of the Sun During the Eclipse of 1836 ' two small sequential engravings of the eclipse seen by Mr F. Baily

' Appearance of the sun at The Greatest Obscuration 1851' - - - ' Appearance of The Sun Before Totality ' - - - Appearance Seconds Before Totality ' small engravings

' The Eclipse Seen From Pava in Italy by Mister M. Baily ' - - - ' Appearance of the Sun and Moon etc ' two small engr.

' The Bridal Cake at the Marriage of Lord Edward Fitzalan Howard and Miss Talbot ' – info. Wedding cake made by Mr Hayward, Confectioner to His Grace the Duke of Norfolk

The Jewish Question with ref, to Mr Salomons MP – The case where the House of Lords would not allow Mr Salomon and Mr Rothschild, both elected Members of Parliament, to take their seats in the House of Commons because they were jews

Mr Alderman Salomons

Foreign and colonial News includes:


United States


West Indies

Imperial parliament House of Commons and Lords:

Ecclesiastical Titles Assumption Bill

Mr Salomons – Jewish Disabilities – a letter read to the House of Commons from David Salomons dated 21 July, 91 Cumberland place – plus a debate on the issue

Chartist Sufferings – Ernest Jones

Cape of Good Hope

Navigation Laws etc

List of The Award of Prizes at the Agricultural and Horticultural Machines and Implements at the Great Exhibition

Illustraqted London News Editorial

Metropolitan News includes:

The City of London and The Jews

The British And Foreign Anti Slavery Society Annual Meeting at Exeter Hall, Mr Samuel Gurney in the Chair

King Edward Street Ragged Schools

The Patent Laws

Melancholy Acciddnt - Mrs Rowe Wife of the Auctioneer of 73 Colman Street killed when her Pony Phaeton ran out of control in Euston Square

Re-Discovery of a Volcanic Island Between Sicily and La Pantellaria

National Sports – Racing etc

Obituary of Eminent Persons Recently Deceased include:

The Rev. John Lingard

Louis Jacques Maude Daguerre died in Paris – of Photographic fame

Munificent Bequests include John Thackeray Esq of The Priory Lewisham in Kent - - - Mrs maria Bowden of Stroud Green, Croydon (small)

' Mrs Hannah Brandon of Westmoreland Place (small)

Country News includes:

A Lamentable Occurrence at Chorley In Lancashire – Mr Henry Hordern Fazakerley of Gillibrand Hall, an explosion in a coal mine

Thunder Storm at Sunderland – Burleigh Street and the residence of a Mrs Woodcock

The Liverpool Magistracy and The Orange Procession

Riot at The Village of Cambden in Worcestershire – info. workers and contractors, Mr Marchant confronts Mr Brunel – the Mickleton Tunnel near Campden

The Markets by Robert Herbert – Prices of Wheat – Flour – Linseed – Bread – Sugar – Coffee – Tallow – Spirits – Hops – Coals From Lumley, Denison, Hartlepool, Kellow, Cowpen Hartley etc -

Total Eclipse of the Sun

London Gazette – Banbkrupts etc

Marriage of Lord Edward Fitzalan Howard and Miss Talbot

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' Narvaez Leaving Madrid '

' Grand Ball at The Brighton Pavilion - The Music Room on Tuesday Evening '

' Chess Problem by Mr Deacon '

' The Highland Mother Painted by F. W. Topham '

' The Late Marquis of Northampton '

' Ashridge the Seat of the Late Viscount Alford '

' Diorama of "Our Native Land" The Sir Roger De Coverley Dance '

' Wreck of the New Commercial Brig on the Brisson Rocks on the Coast of Cornwall - The Rescue Ilst '

' Clumber The Seat of the Late Duke of Newcastle '

' Funeral of the Late Duke of Newcastle at Markham Clinton '


The Window Tax and The Excise

Foreign and Colonial News includes France German States - Spain - South America United States etc

Celebration of the Birthday of the State of California

Church And Universities

Papal Agression

The Court and Haut Ton at Windsor

Obituary of Eminent Persons Recently Deceased inlcudes

The Marquis of Hastings - - - The Rev Lord William George Henry Somerset died at his residence at Clifton - - - Sir Henry Claude Loraine, Bart., died at Ramsay Isle of Man - - - Field Marshal Thomas Grosvenor died at his house Mount Ararat near Richmond - - - W. Hamilton Maxwell the writer died at Musselburg near Edinburgh

Naval and Military Intelligence

The Illustrated London News Editorial with reference to the French Repubnlic and M. Thiers etc

Metropolitan News includes Fraudelent Weights in the Sale of Coals at Scotland Yard Coal Wharf - Loss of Life in a Sewer

Obituary to the Late Marquis of Northampton - Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton who died at Castle Ashby in Northamptonshire

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The Marquis of Kildare MP for Kildare County; Mover of the House of Commons' Address to The Throne '

' Mr of the MP for Norwich; Seconder of the House of Commons Address to the Throne ' Front page

Sketches in New Zealand - ' Crofton park Omata District '

Sketches in New Zealand - ' View in Corfton Park ' - - - View on Waitera River, North Bank '

Sketches in New Zealand - ' Mokau River, Forty Miles North of New Plymouth '

Sketches in New Zealand - ' North Bank of Waitera River near New Plymouth '

Sketches in New Zealand - ' Tamati - - - Tamati's Wife - - - Tahana Honi '

Sketches in New Zealand - ' View From The Town of New Plymouth '

The Opening of Parliament - ' Her Majesty Descending The Grand Staircase at Buckingham Palace '

The Opening of Parliament - ' Sketch From The Line of the Royal Procession '

The Opening of Parliament - ' Her Majesty Leaving Buckingham Palace '

The Opening of Parliament - ' Sketch From The Line of the Royal Procession '

' Right Hon. The Earl of Shaftesbury Late Chairman of the Committees of the House of Lords'

' Mr Walter MP For Nottingham '

' William of Nassau and The Money Lenders Painted By Claudius Jacquand From the Gallery of the Late King of Holland '

' Queen's College, Belfast '

' The Wesleyan Normal College,Westminster '

Nimroud Sculptures in The Louvre Gallery Paris - 'Human Headed Bull and Assyrian Hercules - - - Figure of Divinity or King in Wood - - - Bronze Lion on Stone - - - Figure of Divinity in Wood - - - Agate Cylinder - - - Metal Implement - - - Bronz Bracelet - - - Spear or Arrow Head - - - Agate Cylinder '

Also articles (no engravings unless listed above) including :-

Opening of Parliament

Obituary of Eminent Persons Recently Deceased include Sarah,Countess of Warwick - - - Sir Francis Lawley, Bart

Resignation of Lord Shaftesbury as Chairman of Committees

Papal Aggression

Whispers to the Chancellor of the Excheuqer

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' Reception of Goods at The Great Exhibition Building in Hyde Park '

' Chess Problem '

' Marshall's Moving Diorama of a Tour Through Europe "Departure of the John Bull Steamer" Exhibited in the Concert Room of Her Majestys Theatre ' '

' Scene The Last From the New Drama of Sixius V at the Olympic Theatre '

' Testimonial Presented to Mr J. R. Taylor on Tuesday '

' Cambons Moving Panorama "The Fountains at Versailles" At Tghe Linwood Gallery Leicester Square Ilst '

' Reception of a Monster Railway Bar at Port Talbot, Glamorganshire

'Sir Denis Le Marchant Bart Chief Clerk of the House of Commons '

' Colonel Fremont ' The Hon. John Charles Fremont

The Manufacture of Steel Pens in Birmingham, Messrs Hinks Wells and Co ' Boiling The Steel for Pens '

The Manufacture of Steel Pens in Birmingham, Messrs Hinks Wells and Co ' The Pen Grinding Room ' rows of women sitting at grinding machines

The Manufacture of Steel Pens in Birmingham, Messrs Hinks Wells and Co ' Bronzing Steel Pens '

The Manufacture of Steel Pens in Birmingham, Messrs Hinks Wells and Co ' The Slitting Room for Pens ' again rows of women sitting at machines

' The Snowdrop Schottische by Amelia Edwards ' words and music

This second part of the description features items of news but have no images associated with the subject matter unless listed above. They include :-

The Budget

Foreign and Colonial News includes France - Italian States - German States - United States - India - China - etc

Metropolitan News includes Tribunal of Commerce for The City of London - The Window Tax - City of London Hospital for Diseases of the Chest - Births and Deaths including the numbers died from various diseases, smallpox etc

Imperial Parliament

The Illustrated London News Editorial

The Court and Haut Ton at Buckingham Palace - The Order of the Garter

Naval and Military Intelligence


The Papal Aggression

Assumption of Ecclesiastical Titles

The Theatres

Court of Exchequer, The Attorney General v. The London Dock Company


Country News includes Fatal and Destructive Railway Accident near Alderley in Cheshire with some of the names and addresses of the injured listed

Obituary of Eminent Persons Recently deceased includes James Henry Callender Esq of Craigforth and Ardkinlas died at Newcastle on Tyne - - - Ralph Adderley Esq of Barlaston and Coton, County Stafford died at Torquay - - - Florinda, Dowager Viscountess Castlemaine died at Moydrum Castle near Athlone - - - John Mitford Esq, a Scion of the Family of Mitford of Mitford Castle in Northumberland died at Bedford - - - Joseph Haynes dramatic writer and editor of the Morning Herald

Monetary Transactions of The Week and The Markets

The London Gazette and Bankrupts

Budgets of the Half Century

Supplement Imperial Parliament - The Budget Speech "The Chancellor of the Exchequer addressed the committee as follows:-" the full speech covering up to six columns

British Agriculture

The Budget (from The Times). A summary

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April 5th

April 12th

April 19th


April 26th


Never dawned a brighter morn than on this ever-memorable "Mayday"; the sky clear and blue, the sun coming forth in undimmed splendour; the air crisp, cool yet genial, as a poets spring morn should be.(...) London, with her countless thousands, was early afoot; by six o'clock, the hour fixed for opening the park gates, streems of carriages, all filled with gaily-attired company, came pouring in from all parts of the metropolis and the surrounding distrticts, while whole masses of pedestrians marched in mighty phalanx towards the scene of action. (3rd May 1851)

On entering the South transept a spectacle is afforded which fills the mind with wonder and produces an overwhelming effect upon the senses from the novelty, grandeur and beauty. The surpassing beauty is the great measure owing to the lights and shadows and colours with the objects presented to view, and which have rendered the building the most attractive in the world. The transept is the most brilliantly lightened in as much as noble arched roof is left open to the sky and not covered with a calico like the remainder of the building. Passing from the central spot the light becomes more subduced in every direction; and, as the eye wanders up the vistas, the three primitive colours of Sir D. Bewster, red, yellow and blue, strike the eye by the intensity of their brightness in the foreground. But by blending in the distance, by the effect of the parallax and diminished visual angle, the whole as in nature appears into a neutral gray. To appreciate the genius of Owen Jones, the visitor must take his stand at the extremity of the building – Looking up the nave, with endless rows of pillars, the scene vanished from extreme brightness to the hazy indistinctness which Turner alone can paint.

The contributions in sculpture are very numerous, and, those disposed in prominent positions throughout the nave and transepts, add much to the beauty of the general aspect of the building...
Certainly no person acquainted with the arts of this country can suppose for a moment that the specimens of sculpture exhibited on this occasion really represent the present position of art amongst us; not that this position is anything upon which we could afford to be very congratulatory, supposing all the best men of the present day were thoroughly represented, which they certainly are not. With a few very honourable and pleasing exceptions, our examples of the plastic arts in their highest manifestation are below what could have been received; and the redeeming features only serve to prove the rule more fully by contrast. In glancing through the various examples scuttered through the Building, the contrast of power and weakness, even in the same work, strikes every observant person; and, when the sculpture room is visited, the impression becomes settled, that, with much to admire, there is also very much to find fault with and to condemn.




16 pages

"Emigration," says a letter dated a few days back, "is proceeding to an extent altogether unprecedented; but much less, in proportion, from Ulster than the other provinces. From most of the southern counties, the small farmers are hastening in vast numbers; and even in Leinster the mania for emigration prevails far and wide. The remittances from America are far greater in amount than in any previous year, and considerable sums are paid by the banks and by private commercial establishments, from day to day, on orders from the United States. From some districts in Ulster, numbers of the smaller tenantry are taking their departure. From one of the principle estates in Monaghan nearly one thousand persons of the cottier class are about to be sent to Canada at the expense of the landlord, who, it is stated, has made arrangements for providing them with a comfortable passage, and some small allowance of money to each family after reaching the port of their destination."

The number of emigrant vessels proceeding to America direct from Irish ports is quite unprecedented, and is one of the most extraordinary circumstances of the time. Within eight days, the following eleven vessels, carrying 1568 passengers, sailed from the single port of Cork:-- The Dominique, for Quebec, 150 passengers; the Don, for New York, 160; the Lockwoods, for New York, 280; the Marchioness of Bute, for Quebec, 120; the Sara, for Boston, 104; the Solway, for New York, 196; the Try Again, for Quebec, 130; the Favourite, for Boston, 120; the Clarinda, for New York, 100; the Swift, for Boston, 120; the Field Marshal Radetzsky, for New York, 88 passengers. In addition to those vessels, the Hotspur went down the Cork river, on Tuesday, with 100 paupers on board, from the Kenmare Union-house.

But what is most remarkable is, that, while this enormous emigration is going on, leading to a fear in some parts of the country that sufficient people will not be left to cultivate the land, the owners or mortgagees of Irish estates continue to evict their tenantry with as much virulence as ever. The Galway Vindicator states:-- "There were 195 ejectments entered-- 13 at the suit of the trustees of A. H. Lynch, one of Mathew S. Coneys, and 181 were brought by the Law Life Insurance Company; and of 183 entries of civil bills, 87 were at the suit of the insurance company. With the exception of three or four, the ejectments were all undefended. They were disposed of at the rate of one each minute; so that, taking an average of five souls to each family ejected, we will have 300 per hour, and in the entire 905 human beings cast upon poor-house relief.

"The same journal estimates the total evictions in Connemara during the present season at upwards of 4000. In Limerick and Kerry the same system is carried on; the evicted remaining in the union workhouse until remittances arrive from their friends in America, when they shake from their feet the dust of their native land, and rejoin their friends and relations across the Atlantic.

The following letter from our Correspondent in Cork-- accompanying a series of Sketches, which we have engraved for our present Number-- gives the latest information upon this interesting subject:--

(From our Correspondent at Cork.)
The constant appearance of the heading 'Emigration from Ireland,' and the no less constant stream of well-clad, healthy, and comfortable-looking peasantry in our streets, induces me to send you the accompanying sketches and communications on that subject.

"Upon reference to notes and papers of my own, and to information afforded me be the emigration agents here, I am disposed to think that about the middle of May the great emigrational torrent ceases to flow from these shores. Looking backward for the last month, I find that, during the week ending April 11, the greatest rush for the season took place. The numbers who left Cork that week could not have fallen far short of 1500 souls, and this with the emigration of the other ports of Limerick, Waterford, Dublin, and even of Belfast, will give us an approach to 5000 weekly leaving the country. Large as this number may appear, it is well known that it is considerably below the mark when the departures for Liverpool are included. One agent informed me that he himself had booked 600 emigrants in four days, and yet he is but one of the many agents who are to be met with not alone in the large towns and seaports, but even thickly scattered through each petty town and village throughout the country. In England you can have but little conception of the sufferings of the poor Irish emigrant from the time he first announces his intention of leaving home to his final departure; nor, indeed, can it be understood even in this country, except by those who make it their business to investigate the subject. Impressed with this belief, and being desirous of witnessing some of the partings of the emigrants from amidst the scenes of their youth, I took, a few days since, a run into the south-west of the county, from whence the great stream pours into the city of Cork. In my ramble I fell in with a clergyman, who was there on his way to take leave of a large number of his parishioners, who were then packing up.

"None perhaps feel more severely the departure of the peasantry than the Roman Catholic clergy; as from them, and them alone, it may be said, comes the sole means of support which they receive. Yet none take a more active part in seeing them safely out of the country, or have looked more closely to the interest of those they leave behind, than those clergymen, even though their revenues are reduced, in most cases, to one-half, and in some to one-third. In company with one of these humble but exemplary men, I came to a sharp turn in the road, in view of that for which we sought, and of which I send you a sketch, namely, the packing and making ready of, I may say, an entire village-- for there were not more than half-a-dozen houses on the spot, and all their former inmates were preparing to leave. Immediately that my rev. friend was recognised, the people gathered about him in the most affectionate manner. He had a word of advice to Pat, a caution to Nelly, a suggestion to Mick; and he made a promise to Dan to take care of the "old woman," until the five pounds came in the spring to his 'Reverence' to send her over to America. Then ensued a scene of tears and lamentation, such as might have softened a much harder heart than mine or that of the priest. He stood for awhile surrounded by the old and the young, the strong and the infirm, on bended knees, and he turned his moistened eyes towards heaven, and asked the blessing of the Almighty upon the wanderers during their long and weary journey. Many were the tears brushed quietly away from the sunburnt cheeks of those who there knelt, and had implicit faith that the benediction so fervently and piously asked, would be vouchsafed to them.

"It was not pleasant to linger amid a scene like this; so to dispel our sadness, we took a last farewell of the group, and ere long found ourselves upon the road to Kenmare, and in the midst of a train of from 200 to 300 men and women, boys and girls, varying in age from ten to thirty years. They looked most picturesque in their gay plaid shawls and straw bonnets, and were all on their way to Cork, to go on board the emigrant ship.

"Upon inquiry I was given to understand that this was but one of the many groups sent from the union-houses through the country, and at the expense of the ratepayers. This, though an expensive process, is better than to leave them to pine and perish with want, as in the too wretched union of Kilrush; yet it is sad to see so much young blood sent from amongst us, and that too, as a gentleman, an extensive farmer in the county of Kerry, told me, at a period when it is found difficult to obtain hands to do the necessary farm-work. To so great an extent has this extraordinary emigration mania been carried in the county of Kerry, that this gentleman told me that he had been obliged even thus early to engage farm labourers at Mill-street, in the county of Cork, to take in his harvest in the county of Kerry during the coming season. Moreover, he stated that he was not the only one in the county who would be obliged to have recourse to the same means of procuring labourers. It would be strange indeed, that Ireland, who, at one time, was able to supply with her superabundant labour the farmers of England and Wales, should be obliged to seek in the English and Welsh fields for hands to do her work. Yet it is quite possible that such a thing may happen.

"Having seen sufficient of the country, I turned my steps towards the city, and upon my arrival there, first sought out the houses of the strangers who frequently are obliged to remain in lodging-houses from one to five or six days, according to circumstances. I can assure you that it is not exaggerating the abject misery of these miscalled 'lodging-houses for emigrants.' It is no unusual thing to thrust from twenty to forty persons, of all ages and both sexes, into rooms not more than four yards by five or six yards square, with no other accommodation than a mass of filthy straw, placed around the room, upon which the weary traveller is expected to find repose. In the event of his being provided by the proprietor with some sort of covering, he is charged threepence a night; should they bring their own bed-clothes, they pay twopence; and those who are content to sleep on the straw, without divesting themselves of the rags, pay one penny.

"For standing room where they may breakfast of dine-- for it cannot be called accommodation-- the charges are pretty much on the same scale. On the whole, it is fortunate that the great business of emigration is generally over before the setting-in of the warm weather, otherwise these lodging-houses, from their over-crowded state, as well as from the accumulated amount of filth in them, would become perfect nuisances, and dangerous to the health of the community.

"Several years since, when landing for the first time on the French shore, I felt much harrassed by the untiring persecution of the hotel touters; but little did I dream of ever seeing the touting system carried to such a fearful extent as it now is in Ireland; for no sooner is the red plaid of an Irish emigrant girl, or the unbuttoned shirt-collar of a Kerryman recognised, than she or he is instantly beset by those harpies, or mancatchers. It is sometime impossible to escape, except by main force, and by the aid of the police. The latter are daily thanked by the bench of magistrates for their exertions in this respect.

"The accompanying is a sketch of a party of emigrants who have arrived on the quay after a long journey, in some cases close upon one hundred miles:-- They are stretched and tumbled about upon boxes and straw to seek some few moments' repose. This, and the companion sketch of the row at the office-door, where some of the emigrants are seen paying their passage-money, will show the extent to which the ruffianly touters and mancatchers carry their interference, and from which they are only obliged to desist upon the application of superior force.

"Having thus shown you what was picturesque in the passage of the group of emigrants from the home of their infancy to the office of the emigration agent who provides them with a ship direct from the port, it may not now be out of place for me to send you a sketch of the interior of one of those vessels, which I accordingly do, and which I trust will readily explain the mode in which those vessels are fitted up, and where each party gets so many square inches to her or his share of ship, as the case may be, and where, if I am given rightly to understand, man woman, and child are obliged to huddle together like pigs at a fair. But then the ship is partitioned, divided, and formed exactly according to the strict letter of the law, and none can grumble, yet few can go on board one of them without being instantly struck with the chances tat appear of the complete demoralization of the whole group; and what it must be when the sea rolls heavily, when the hatches are all closed, and the ship heaves and labours in the storm, can be much better imagined by others than described by me. The answer given to a party who, upon seeing the way in which these unfortunate beings were left toss and tumble about, asked if even a plank in the shape of a table was not to be provided for them was, 'Cock them up with it, indeed! How badly off they're for a table!' And yet this man is known to be a kind, generous-hearted man in other respects.

"Every inquiry or remonstrance is answered by the allegation, that all is according to the Act of Parliament, or 'the Act so directs it;' so that you will perceive what little chances of extra comforts the emigrant has who emigrates in the smaller vessels belonging to men, some of whom are making lordly fortunes by their new trade.

"Having now shown you so much of what appertains to those who sail from this port direct to America, nothing remains but to send you a sketch of the departure of the steamers for Liverpool, which generally, of late, have been crowded to suffocation, owing, perhaps, as much to the cheapness of the fares, caused by the steam-boat opposition for some time back, as to a previous knowledge among the emigrants that they will be better provided for in the way of a ship in Liverpool, the 'great port of embarkation,' than they are likely to be in Irish vessels.

"The withdrawal of this ruinous competition will now, no doubt, in this matter of emigration, materially serve the Cork Steam-ship Company, as doubtless large numbers of those who heretofore made for Waterford, will be now tempted to turn their thoughts towards Cork, owing to the superiority of the vessels leaving the port. From early dawn on the day of the steamer's sailing up to the hour of starting, whether it be ten in the morning or five in the evening, the curious in those matters will be sure to find the quays leading to the packet-office one continued stream of cars, carts, trucks, and porters, and all heavily laden with feather-beds, boxes, trunks, indescribable baggage and sacks of potatoes, and all tending to the one centre, namely, the deck of the Nimrod, and where the well-disposed as also the ill-disposed are sure to congregate to witness the departure. The sketch which I send you represents one of those weekly scenes, and from which I trust your readers will have some notion of the bustle and excitement that takes place upon those occasions, and when the incidents sometimes witnessed at the parting of friends and relations are truly heart-touching.

"During the existence of the low fares, it was more than once stated that 'some of the emigrants were wretched and miserable-looking beings.' At present it is the bone and sinew of the land that appear to go out, and even those in more than comfortable circumstances are often among the number, as the immense sums of money sent into this country from relatives in America (our branch bank alone paid out, on account of remittances received during this season, the large sum of £40,000) testify."


The coup d’oeuil was, as may be imagined, extremely brilliant. All about the square reserved for the proclamation ceremony (says a contemporary) was ranged the gaily-dressed throng of expectant company. Here they sat and stood in serried files of gaily-tinted colour; there they rose into pyramids and ledges, clustering upon the irregularly-constructed platforms. Above towered the spacious galleries, sweeping away into long vistas of symmetrically-disposed lines, bright and gerish with with neverending changes of colour and costume, and fluttering with the waiving handkerchiefs, ribbons, and scarfs which flickered down the long ranks of richly-dressed ladies.
There is no decoration wich a building can possess which equlas that presented by a vast and well-arranged assemblage of people. Living masses convey to a great structure a character of animation which no inanimatic objects, however beautiful, can supply. The long lines of faces, lighted up with excitement, the varieties of expression, the diversities of dress and ornament, of themselves furnish subjects of inexhaustible reflection; and when these are so disposed that the fairer portions of humanity have the precedence and occupy the first rank, the scenepresented appeals directly to the gallantry and enthusiasm of the spectator. The seats which on either side lined the nave and its galleries were reserved exclusively for ladies; and thus, standing in the centre of the Building, one could see stretching from that point east and west, north and south, long lines of elegantly-dressed women, the verge and binding of an assemblage which comprised not less than 25 000 people.

(...)If the carriages had been placed in a direct line, they would have extended over a space of nearly 20 miles"
upto 12 o'clock noon 1050 state carriages & carriages of noble men
600 post& hack carriages
1500 hack carriages and cabs
300 clarences
300 vehicles of other description

"Considered as a spectacle alone, the inauguration was one which, for the grandeur and magnificance and for ist effect upon the imagination, might bear comparison with, if it did not excel, any which the annals of te world can offer. The building itself - the fitting shrine for the objects of mingled beauty and utility which it encloses - is as original and novel as the occasion; and if the ancient peoples had advanced far enough in civilisation, and had possessed of the industrious workers of all climes and races, this Building would have been commemorated by the history and tradition of three tousand years, in th esongs of bards and in the proverbs of the peoples, as a wonder of the world, worthy to rank with the Pyramids, or with the gates and walls of Thebes or Palmyra for ist greatness, and with the Colossus that bestrode Rhodes harbour for its beauty. But the Crystal Palace has the merrit of surpassing all these in the true nobility of purposes for which it was erected. (10th May 1851, supplement)

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Devonshire House - Amateur Performance of Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton's Comedy Before Queen Victoria and Prince Albert ' front page engraving showing the royals and others watching the performance

Epsom - ' The Start of " The Derby " ...'

' The Cock Inn at Sutton ' a busy scene showing the racegoers - Sutton is a borough in London

' Morden Church ' in Surrey - info. St Lawrence Church

' Merton Church ' in Surrey

' Tattenham Corner ' Epsom - a scene during the race

' The Marble ARch Cumberland Gate at Hy7de Park '

' The Great Hall in The Museum of Practical Geology ' on Jermyn Street London

' Northfleet Dockyard - Launch of the " Orinoco " a West India Mail Steamer ' a view of the dock yard of Mr William Pitcher showing the launch in the distance with the Great Western in dry dock displayin her colours, in the forground - a castle like gateway to the dockyard and other buildings in the engraving - info. nr Gravesend in Kent

' Grand Entertainment Given at the Castle Hotel at Richmond by te Metropolitan Local Commissioners of the Great Exhibition to the Foreign Commissioners ' a scene on the river showing a boat race with the Castle Hotel and embankment in the background, crowds line the riverside

Chess Problem by Herr Ries of Stuttgardt

' Monster Casks of Sherry at The London Docks ' for Mr John Fowler Wine Merchant of Wells Street, Cripplegate and imported by Captain A. R. Henderson of the ship " Traveller" from Cadiz

' Remains of the Fallen Premises in Gracechurch Street '

' The Fairy Queen ' a baby aged 14 months on display with her mother at the corner of Hall Street, Goswell road - a premature baby weighing only 1½lb at birth, at the time of the engraving weighing 5lb

' The Chinese Family in the Exhibition at ALbert Gate '

' St Peters Hospital at East Hill, Wandsworth from the Railway '

' The Offices of the Illustrated London News at 198 The Strand '

Supplement - The Great Exhibition

' The Crystal Palace - The Transept ' a glass fountain designed by Messrs Osler

' Articles of Coton Mache by J. Hart '

' Stained Window by Gibson of Newcastle on Tyne ' four engravings

' Ornamental Furniture ( Leistler ) and Eau de Cologne Fountain '

' Group of Objects Miel of Vertu by Wertheimer '

' Brule Parfum by Gueyton '

' Group for a Fountain by M. Andre '

' Carton Pierre Ornament for a Ceiling by JAckson and Sons of Rathbone Place ' .

' Hall Stove by Messrs Haywood of Derby '

' Parquet for Floors from Russia '

' Hall Stove by MEssrs Baily and Son '

' Design for Tile Pavement by J. W. Papworth '

' Patent Ornamented Glass by W. Kidd '

' Design for Tile Pavement by W. A. Papworth '

' Rotton Row in Hyde Park ' a wonderful full page print from engraving by B. Herring showing an equestrian scene

' Exhibition of the Royal Academy - The Return of the Dove to the Ark - Painted by J. E. Millais '

' Vessels Leaving the Harbour of Great yarmouth - By E. Duncan '

' The " Jylland " Danish Government Steamer '

' Erris Fishing Settlement Life Fishing Boats " Erreter " and " Hope " ..' lifeboats off Osborne House Isle of WIght

' Plate Presented to Captain J. C. Dalrymple Hay RN '

' Malayan Tapir in the Menagerie of the Zoological Society in Regents Park ' print from engraving by H. Weir - info. Harrison Weir

' The Crypt of the City of London Guildhall '

' Little's Improved Electric Telegraph Instrument '

' Rotation of the Earth ' four small engravings by Rev. Mr Baden Powell

Very small rough sketches relating to the search for Sir John Franklin

' Scene fronthe Moving Diorama of Jerusalem and the Holy Lane - The Pool of Siloam ' .

' The Shoe Black Brigade '

' The Taj Mehal ' interior - info. Taj Mahal

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This second part of the description features items of news articles etc but have no images associated with the subject matter unless listed above. They include :-

The Copyright Question .

Foreign And Colonial News

Law Intelligence - Boosey v. Jeffreys - Copyright Case

IMperial Parliament includes:

Property Tax Bill

Harwich Election Petition

Kaffir War

Ecclesiastical Titles Assumption Bill

Transportation - Van Diemen's Land with ref. to Sir W. Molesworth - Sir G. Grey

Railway Accidents

The Court - Royal Comings and Goings

Railway Accidents - Fatal and Serious Injury to Life - Collision at Claycross near Chesterfield

Derby Day

Illustratred London News Editorial

Mister Thackeray 's Lectures on the English Humourists of The Eighteenth Century

Cremorne Garens

The Bridgwater Gallery

Fatal Catastrophe - Fall of Building at Gracechurch Street - new buildings being put up for Messrs Bell and Corbet of Popes Head Alley and Adelaide Chambers in King William Street intended for Chambers

Speaking to the Eye - From the " Economist "

Epitome of News Foreign and Domestic - Snippets of News

Metropolitan News includes:

Statue to the Late Sir Robert Peel

Discharge of Captain paulet Somerset

Fire - Large Loss of Life at The Rose and Crown Public House, Love Lane, Lower Thames Street owned by Mr Richard Harvey

The Passport System Between England and France

Fabricated Tea and tobacco

Monetary Transactions for th eWeek From OUr City Corre4spondent

London Gazette - Bankrupts - - War Office Appointments - - Births Marriages Deaths .

The Great Exhibition

Foreign Minerals and Metals

Rotten Row Hyde Park

Utah and The Mormons - From the Saint Louis Daily Journal - with ref. to Great Salt Lake City and a letter to the newspaper from Mr Asa A. Call

Town Talk and Table Talk with ref. to Mr Vere Foster

To Correspondents

The Search for Sir John Franklin - Letter From Lieutenant W. H. Hooper at Fort Simpson, Mackenzie River 29 October 1850

An Improved Mode of Treating Flax



An 16 page issue, 1851 price fivepence.

It features articles with prints from engravings including :

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The great Exhibition 1851

The great Exhibition 1851


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Supplement Toys



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